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Manna Harbour 4be1dfcee4
[Keymap] miryoku layout (#6171)
3 years ago
..
README.org [Keymap] miryoku layout (#6171) 3 years ago
config.h [Keymap] miryoku layout (#6171) 3 years ago
manna-harbour_miryoku.c [Keymap] miryoku layout (#6171) 3 years ago
miryoku.org [Keymap] miryoku layout (#6171) 3 years ago
rules.mk [Keymap] miryoku layout (#6171) 3 years ago

README.org

miryoku.org

The miryoku layout is an ergonomic, minimal, orthogonal layout for ergo or ortho keyboards, implemented as part of the QMK firmware. The layout is maintained in emacs org-mode tables and converted to QMK keymap data structures using embedded python scripts. The layout is mapped onto keyboards with different physical layouts as a subset without code duplication using the QMK userland feature and C macros. Versions of the layout can also be seen outside of the QMK source at https://github.com/manna-harbour/miryoku/.

Layout

Info

General Principles

  • Use layers instead of reaching.
  • Use both hands instead of contortions.
  • Use the home positions as much as possible.
  • Make full use of the thumbs.
  • Avoid unnecessary complication.

Specifics

  • 5 columns, 3 rows, 3 thumb keys, 2 hands.
  • Can be used on almost any split or non-split ergo or ortho keyboard.
  • Includes all keys found on a US layout TKL keyboard, plus media keys and mouse emulation.
  • Home row is the middle row, home thumb key is the middle thumb key.
  • Maximum 1-u movement from home position for fingers and thumbs, and only along one axis (except for the inner index finger column which is deprioritised compared with the home columns).
  • Dual-function modifiers on home row, mirrored on both hands.
  • Dual-function layer change on thumbs.
  • Layers are designed orthogonally with a single purpose per hand and are accessed by holding a thumb key on the opposite hand.
  • Holding layer change and modifiers on one hand combined with a single key press on the other hand can produce any combination of modifiers and single keys without any finger contortions.
  • Single function mods are also defined on layers on the same hand as the layer change thumb key so layer change and mods can be held in any order or simultaneously without race conditions.
  • As mods are only enabled on the opposite hand, auto-repeat is available on the home row on layers for use with cursor and mouse keys.
  • Tap-hold auto-repeat is disabled to enable faster tap-hold switching on thumbs but thumb tap keys are mirrored onto some layers for use with auto-repeat.

Layers

The layers are maintained in tables, with the thumb keys on the bottom row. NP indicates the key is not present and is used to fill in the table around the thumb keys. The grid arrangement of the tables does not imply a particular physical layout.

Basic keycodes are entered without the KC_ prefix. Symbols can be entered as-is (excepting '"' (DQUO) and '|' (PIPE)). Empty cells are unused.

The base layer has both halves of the layout joined for convenience. Other layers are specified as a single hand.

Base (BASE)

The base layer is maintained as separate tap and hold tables and are combined into the corresponding tap-hold keycodes for mods and layer change. RST and mods will be available on sub layers on the same hand as the layer change thumb key. Unknown names are considered to be layer names.

Base layer alphas are Colemak DHm. Thumb keys are backspace, enter, delete on the right and space, tab, escape on the left. Dot, comma and apostrophe are included for prose, dot and slash for file and directory names.

Q W F P B J L U Y '
A R S T G M N E I O
Z X C D V K H , . /
NP NP ESC SPC TAB ENT BSPC DEL NP NP
RST RST
LGUI LALT LCTL LSFT LSFT LCTL LALT LGUI
NP NP MEDR NAVR MOUR NSSL NSL FUNL NP NP

Navigation (NAVR)

Primary right-hand layer (left home thumb) is navigation and editing. Cursor keys are on the home position, line and page movement below, clipboard above, caps and insert on the inner column. Thumb keys are duplicated from the base layer to avoid having to layer change mid edit and to enable auto-repeat.

AGIN UNDO CUT COPY PSTE
CAPS LEFT DOWN UP RGHT
INS HOME PGDN PGUP END
ENT BSPC DEL NP NP

Mouse (MOUR)

Secondary RH layer is mouse emulation. Mouse movement mirrors cursor navigation on home and wheel mirrors line / page movement below. Buttons are on the thumbs. Mouse movement, click, and drag with modifiers can be performed from the home position. Unused keys are available for other related functions.

MS_L MS_D MS_U MS_R
WH_L WH_D WH_U WH_R
BTN3 BTN1 BTN2 NP NP

Media (MEDR)

Tertiary RH layer is media control, with volume up / down and next / prev mirroring the navigation keys. Pause, stop and mute are on thumbs. Unused keys are available for other related functions.

MPRV VOLD VOLU MNXT
MSTP MPLY MUTE NP NP

Numerals and Symbols (NSL)

Primary left-hand layer (right home thumb) is numerals and symbols. Numerals are in the standard numpad locations with symbols in the remaining positions. Dot is duplicated from the base layer for convenience.

[ 7 8 9 ]
; 4 5 6 =
` 1 2 3 \
NP NP . 0 -

Shifted Numerals and Symbols (NSSL)

Secondary LH layer has shifted symbols in the same locations to reduce chording when using mods with shifted symbols. Automatically generated from unshifted table.

Function and System (FUNL)

Tertiary LH layer has function keys mirroring the numerals on the primary layer with extras on the pinkie column, plus system keys on the inner column. App (menu) is on the tertiary thumb key and other thumb keys are duplicated from the base layer to enable auto-repeat.

F12 F7 F8 F9 PSCR
F11 F4 F5 F6 SLCK
F10 F1 F2 F3 PAUS
NP NP APP SPC TAB

COMMENT Templates

NP NP NP NP

Duplicate base layer tap keys on thumbs rather than trans to enable auto-repeat.

ENT BSPC DEL NP NP
NP NP ESC SPC TAB

Code Generation

Table Conversion Scripts

table-layout-taphold

Produce base layer from separate tap and hold tables.

width = 19
mods_dict = dict.fromkeys(mods_list)
symbol_names_dict = {}
for symbol, name, shifted_symbol, shifted_name in symbol_names_table:
  symbol_names_dict[symbol] = name
  symbol_names_dict[shifted_symbol] = shifted_name
results = '  [BASE] = LAYOUT_miryoku(\n'
for tap_row, hold_row in map(None, tap_table, hold_table):
  results += '    '
  for tap, hold in map(None, tap_row, hold_row):
    if tap == '':
      code = 'NU'
    elif tap in symbol_names_dict:
      code = symbol_names_dict[tap]
    else:
      code = tap
    code = 'KC_' + str(code)
    if hold in mods_dict:
      code = str(hold) + '_T(' + code + ')'
    elif hold != '' and hold != 'NP' and hold != 'RST':
      code = 'LT(' + str(hold) + ', ' + code + ')'
    results += (code + ', ').ljust(width)
  results = results.rstrip(' ') + '\n'
results = results.rstrip('\n, ') + '\n  )'
return results
  [BASE] = LAYOUT_miryoku(
    KC_Q,              KC_W,              KC_F,              KC_P,              KC_B,              KC_J,              KC_L,              KC_U,              KC_Y,              KC_QUOT,
    LGUI_T(KC_A),      LALT_T(KC_R),      LCTL_T(KC_S),      LSFT_T(KC_T),      KC_G,              KC_M,              LSFT_T(KC_N),      LCTL_T(KC_E),      LALT_T(KC_I),      LGUI_T(KC_O),
    KC_Z,              KC_X,              KC_C,              KC_D,              KC_V,              KC_K,              KC_H,              KC_COMM,           KC_DOT,            KC_SLSH,
    KC_NP,             KC_NP,             LT(MEDR, KC_ESC),  LT(NAVR, KC_SPC),  LT(MOUR, KC_TAB),  LT(NSSL, KC_ENT),  LT(NSL, KC_BSPC),  LT(FUNL, KC_DEL),  KC_NP,             KC_NP
  )

table-layout-half

Produce sub layers given layer name and corresponding table for single hand and incorporating mods and reset from base layer. Layer names must end with R or L. A layer with shifted symbols can also be generated.

width = 9
mods_dict = dict.fromkeys(mods_list)
symbol_names_dict = {}
shifted_symbol_names_dict = {}
for symbol, name, shifted_symbol, shifted_name in symbol_names_table:
  symbol_names_dict[symbol] = name
  symbol_names_dict[shifted_symbol] = shifted_name
  shifted_symbol_names_dict[symbol] = shifted_name
length = len(half_table[0])
mode = layer_name[-1:].lower()
results = '  [' + layer_name + '] = LAYOUT_miryoku(\n'
for half_row, hold_row in map(None, half_table, hold_table):
  results += '    '
  hold_row_l, hold_row_r = hold_row[:length], hold_row[length:]
  for lr, hold_row_lr in ('l', hold_row_l), ('r', hold_row_r):
    if lr == mode:
      for half in half_row:
        if half == '':
          code = 'NU'
        elif shift == "true" and half in shifted_symbol_names_dict:
          code = shifted_symbol_names_dict[half]
        elif half in symbol_names_dict:
          code = symbol_names_dict[half]
        else:
          code = half
        results += ('KC_' + str(code) + ', ').ljust(width)
    else:
      for hold in hold_row_lr:
        if hold == '' or hold != 'NP' and hold != 'RST' and hold not in mods_dict:
          code = 'NA'
        else:
          code = hold
        results += ('KC_' + str(code) + ', ').ljust(width)
  results = results.rstrip(' ') + '\n'
results = results.rstrip('\n, ') + '\n  )'
return results
  [NSL] = LAYOUT_miryoku(
    KC_LBRC, KC_7,    KC_8,    KC_9,    KC_RBRC, KC_NA,   KC_NA,   KC_NA,   KC_NA,   KC_RST,
    KC_SCLN, KC_4,    KC_5,    KC_6,    KC_EQL,  KC_NA,   KC_LSFT, KC_LCTL, KC_LALT, KC_LGUI,
    KC_GRV,  KC_1,    KC_2,    KC_3,    KC_BSLS, KC_NA,   KC_NA,   KC_NA,   KC_NA,   KC_NA,
    KC_NP,   KC_NP,   KC_DOT,  KC_0,    KC_MINS, KC_NA,   KC_NA,   KC_NA,   KC_NP,   KC_NP
  )

table-enums

Produce layer enums from layer names in hold table.

mods_dict = dict.fromkeys(mods_list)
results = 'enum layers { BASE, '
for hold_row in hold_table:
  for hold in hold_row:
    if hold not in mods_dict and hold != '' and hold != 'NP' and hold != 'RST':
      results += hold + ', '
results = results.rstrip(', ') + ' };'
return results
enum layers { BASE, MEDR, NAVR, MOUR, NSSL, NSL, FUNL };

Data

symbol-names

Symbol, name, and shifted symbol mappings for use in tables.

` GRV ~ TILD
- MINS _ UNDS
= EQL + PLUS
[ LBRC { LCBR
] RBRC } RCBR
\ BSLS PIPE PIPE
; SCLN : COLN
' QUOT DQUO DQUO
, COMM < LT
. DOT > GT
/ SLSH ? QUES
1 1 ! EXLM
2 2 @ AT
3 3 # HASH
4 4 $ DLR
5 5 % PERC
6 6 ^ CIRC
7 7 & AMPR
8 8 * ASTR
9 9 ( LPRN
0 0 ) RPRN

mods

Modifiers usable in hold table. Need to have the same name for KC_ and _T versions.

  • LSFT
  • LCTL
  • LALT
  • LGUI
  • LAGR

Other

header

Header for tangled src files.

generated from users/manna-harbour_miryoku/miryoku.org

Subset Mapping

Userspace

The keymap and configuration are shared between keyboards. The keymap is defined for LAYOUT_miryoku which is 10x4, with the outer 2 positions on the bottom row unused and the rest of the bottom row are the thumb keys.

manna-harbour_miryoku.c

Contains the keymap. Included from keymap.c

users/manna-harbour_miryoku/manna-harbour_miryoku.c


// <<header>>

#include QMK_KEYBOARD_H

#define KC_NP KC_NO // key is not present
#define KC_NA KC_NO // present but not available for use
#define KC_NU KC_NO // available but not used
#define KC_RST RESET

<<table-enums()>>

const uint16_t PROGMEM keymaps[][MATRIX_ROWS][MATRIX_COLS] = {
<<table-layout-taphold()>>,
<<table-layout-half(layer_name="NAVR", half_table=navr)>>,
<<table-layout-half(layer_name="MOUR", half_table=mour)>>,
<<table-layout-half(layer_name="MEDR", half_table=medr)>>,
<<table-layout-half(layer_name="FUNL", half_table=funl)>>,
<<table-layout-half(layer_name="NSL", half_table=nsl)>>,
<<table-layout-half(layer_name="NSSL", half_table=nsl, shift="true")>>
};

config.h

Config options. Automatically included.

users/manna-harbour_miryoku/config.h


// <<header>>

#pragma once

// Prevent normal rollover on alphas from accidentally triggering mods.
#define IGNORE_MOD_TAP_INTERRUPT

// Enable rapid switch from tap to hold, disables double tap hold auto-repeat.
#define TAPPING_FORCE_HOLD

// Recommended for heavy chording.
#define QMK_KEYS_PER_SCAN 4

rules.mk

Build options. Automatically included.

users/manna-harbour_miryoku/rules.mk


# <<header>>

MOUSEKEY_ENABLE = yes        # Mouse keys(+4700)
EXTRAKEY_ENABLE = yes        # Audio control and System control(+450)

Layouts

To use the keymap on a keyboard supporting the layouts feature, LAYOUT_miryoku is defined as a macro mapping onto the layout's own LAYOUT macro, leaving the unused keys as KC_NO. The userspace keymap is then included.

ergodox

For the ergodox layout, the main 5x3 alphas are used as usual. The primary and secondary thumb keys are the inner and outer 2u thumb keys and the tertiary thumb key is the innermost key of the partial bottom row. The remaining keys are unused.

layouts/community/ergodox/manna-harbour_miryoku/keymap.c


// <<header>>

#define LAYOUT_miryoku(\
K00,   K01,   K02,   K03,   K04,   K05,   K06,   K07,   K08,   K09,\
K10,   K11,   K12,   K13,   K14,   K15,   K16,   K17,   K18,   K19,\
K20,   K21,   K22,   K23,   K24,   K25,   K26,   K27,   K28,   K29,\
N30,   N31,   K32,   K33,   K34,   K35,   K36,   K37,   N38,   N39\
)\
LAYOUT_ergodox_pretty( \
KC_NO, KC_NO, KC_NO, KC_NO, KC_NO, KC_NO, KC_NO, KC_NO, KC_NO, KC_NO, KC_NO, KC_NO, KC_NO, KC_NO, \
KC_NO, K00,   K01,   K02,   K03,   K04,   KC_NO, KC_NO, K05,   K06,   K07,   K08,   K09,   KC_NO, \
KC_NO, K10,   K11,   K12,   K13,   K14,                 K15,   K16,   K17,   K18,   K19,   KC_NO, \
KC_NO, K20,   K21,   K22,   K23,   K24,   KC_NO, KC_NO, K25,   K26,   K27,   K28,   K29,   KC_NO, \
KC_NO, KC_NO, KC_NO, KC_NO, K32,                               K37,   KC_NO, KC_NO, KC_NO, KC_NO, \
                                   KC_NO, KC_NO, KC_NO, KC_NO, \
                                          KC_NO, KC_NO, \
                            K33,   K34,   KC_NO, KC_NO, K35,   K36 \
)

#include "manna-harbour_miryoku.c"

To build for any keyboard using the this layout (ergodone, ergodox_ez, ergodox_infinity, hotdox) e.g. the ergodox_ez,

cd ../.. && make ergodox_ez:manna-harbour_miryoku:teensy

ortho_4x12

For the ortho_4x12 layout, the right half as is as follows: The rightmost column bottom 3 rows is the pinkie column. The middle 4 columns top 3 rows are for the remaining fingers. The bottom row left 3 columns are the thumb keys. The remaining keys are unused.

layouts/community/ortho_4x12/manna-harbour_miryoku/keymap.c


// <<header>>

#define LAYOUT_miryoku(\
K00,   K01,   K02,   K03,   K04,   K05,   K06,   K07,   K08,   K09,\
K10,   K11,   K12,   K13,   K14,   K15,   K16,   K17,   K18,   K19,\
K20,   K21,   K22,   K23,   K24,   K25,   K26,   K27,   K28,   K29,\
N30,   N31,   K32,   K33,   K34,   K35,   K36,   K37,   N38,   N39\
)\
LAYOUT_ortho_4x12(\
KC_NO, K01,   K02,   K03,   K04,   KC_NO, KC_NO, K05,   K06,   K07,   K08,   KC_NO,\
K00,   K11,   K12,   K13,   K14,   KC_NO, KC_NO, K15,   K16,   K17,   K18,   K09,\
K10,   K21,   K22,   K23,   K24,   KC_NO, KC_NO, K25,   K26,   K27,   K28,   K19,\
K20,   KC_NO, KC_NO, K32,   K33,   K34,   K35,   K36,   K37,   KC_NO, KC_NO, K29\
)

#include "manna-harbour_miryoku.c"

To build for any keyboard using this layout (4x4, nori, chimera_ls, contra, divergetm2, jj40, lets_split, lets_split_eh, meira, niu_mini, planck, telophase, vitamins_included, zinc, zlant, ortho48, kbd4x, levinson, wavelet, plaid) e.g. the levinson,

make keebio/levinson:manna-harbour_miryoku:avrdude

Keyboards

To use the keymap on a keyboard which does not support the layouts feature, LAYOUT_miryoku is defined as a macro mapping onto the keyboard's own LAYOUT macro, leaving the unused keys as KC_NO. The userspace keymap is then included.

crkbd

The outer columns are unused.

keyboards/crkbd/keymaps/manna-harbour_miryoku/keymap.c


// <<header>>

#define LAYOUT_miryoku( \
       K00,   K01,   K02,   K03,   K04,   K05,   K06,   K07,   K08,   K09, \
       K10,   K11,   K12,   K13,   K14,   K15,   K16,   K17,   K18,   K19, \
       K20,   K21,   K22,   K23,   K24,   K25,   K26,   K27,   K28,   K29, \
       N30,   N31,   K32,   K33,   K34,   K35,   K36,   K37,   N38,   N39 \
) \
LAYOUT( \
KC_NO, K00,   K01,   K02,   K03,   K04,   K05,   K06,   K07,   K08,   K09,   KC_NO, \
KC_NO, K10,   K11,   K12,   K13,   K14,   K15,   K16,   K17,   K18,   K19,   KC_NO, \
KC_NO, K20,   K21,   K22,   K23,   K24,   K25,   K26,   K27,   K28,   K29,   KC_NO, \
                     K32,   K33,   K34,   K35,   K36,   K37 \
)

#include "manna-harbour_miryoku.c"

To build for this keyboard,

cd ../.. && make crkbd:manna-harbour_miryoku:avrdude